| The ultimate goal for a
newly planted tree is not only its survival, but for its healthy growth
to proceed as normal with as little shock as possible. With proper care
and moderate maintenance, the tree will provide a lifetime of enjoyment.
Fill-in and Mulch
Once the tree is placed in the receiving hole, the cavity surrounding the
ball must be filled-in. A mixture of peat moss and good quality topsoil is
worked in all the way around to completely fill the opening. This procedure is
an important step to assure that all air pockets are eliminated. Settle the
back-fill by thoroughly watering rather than forceful tamping. Once the fill-in
process is completed, place two to three inches of organic mulch around the
cavity to help regulate soil temperature, retain soil moisture, and prevent lawn
mower and weed eater damage. The mulch should not be placed against the trunk
where it will hold moisture too close to the bark and cause rot. Keep mulch
pulled back at least three to five inches from the trunk.
Trees, which are well cared for from the time of planting, stand a
much better chance of staying healthy. Soil around new trees should be
kept uniformly moist, not too wet, as roots can be suffocated especially
in heavy clay soil. A
standard for good moisture is to provide the equivalent of an inch of
rainfall per week. We recommend a slow-drip watering system like a
tree gator or similar product. This is an
excellent way to prevent overwatering. Trees require large quantities of water during the
growing season in order to carry on the functioning life process. A
transplanted tree has lost a lot of water absorbing capacity due to root
loss. Once the tree has re-grown the lost root system, it can take care
of itself, except in dry years.
Newly planted trees should be treated with at least one application of
a root stimulate for development of fast-strong root structure.
(Follow mixture directions on label). Numerous fertilizer application methods
are available; however, the most frequently used, easiest and least expensive is
broadcasting a granular or time release fertilizer on the top of the soil. After the
application, the area must be watered to dissolve the fertilizer to wash it off
the grass and into the soil; this method is inexpensive, requires simple tools,
and a short amount of time.