It is often multi-trunked, densely branched, and twiggy.
Prefers full sun and well-drained soils but will tolerate poor
soils, various soil pHs, compacted soils, drought, heat and winter
salt spray. Foliage starts
reddish, but quickly matures to dark green. Fall color is burgundy
to wine. Densely branched with thorns. Provides
excellent nesting sites for small birds.